In this article, we focus on the martyrdom of the great revolutionary, Chandrashekhar Azad and the strange behaviour of Nehru concerning this death. We show that Azad had met Nehru a few days before his death, and that Nehru has (falsely) damned Azad & his colleagues as fascists after his meeting. We show Nehru’s antipathy to fascism and the extent to which he was willing to go to uproot. We also show how Nehru had falsely disavowed all knowledge of Azad, despite his father funding the defence of Azad in the Kakori case and he himself being a member of Kakori defence committee. We speculate on who might have betrayed Azad to the British, given the incongruities of Nehru’s behaviour and using material from intelligence officers who were involved in the case.
In the first part of the series of articles, we examine the role of Rashbehari Bose in the forgotten Hindu German conspiracy. We reflect on the doomed valour and commitment of Rashbehari and his associates in the Hindu German conspiracy and the attempt to seed a revolt on the scale of the 1857 revolt in north India. We expound on the forgotten heroes alongside Rashbehari and how they desperately resisted the British & how they were brutally treated, to the indifference of the then Congress.
In the second part of the series, we narrate the tale of Rashbehari Bose as he daringly escaped from the shores of India and managed to get into Japan. From the shores of Japan, even with no knowledge of the Japanese language, he tried to further the cause of the Revolution by trying to send arms & ammunition to his Revolutionary colleagues in India. When the plot was foiled & British hunted him in Japan, he went underground with the help of Japanese pan-Asianists and hid out with a Japanese family, that kindly gave him shelter. He utilised this enforced confinement to familiarise himself with the Japanese language.
In the third part of the series, we narrate the saga of Rashbehari Bose as he found love in Japan with a traditional samurai lady, who understood his predicament & love him in despite of it. He then naturalised in Japan & became a Japanese citizen, evading the British agents who were constantly on the hunt for him. We narrate his saga as he lost his possessions in the great Kanto earthquake & struggled desperately for a living in Japan, with his new wife & child. We narrate how India failed him at that point & only Rabindranath Tagore helped him any. Then personal tragedy in the form of the death of his wife struck him. Despite all these travails, he never faltered in his struggle for Indian independence.
In the fourth part of the article, we narrate the work of Rashbehari as he realised the importance of British propaganda against the Indians and India & worked to counter it from the shores of Japan. In this article, we focus on his work in Japan, & his cultivating the highest figures in both the Japanese military & government to be sympathetic to the Indian cause. We narrate how he worked on both positive & negative propaganda – talking up Indian strengths & virtues & pointing to British brutalities & discrimination. He wrote several books in Japanese & translated, among other things, the Bhagavadgita into Japanese. His works ranged from as far as Humour in India to translations of the Bhagavadgita & Rabindranath’s poetry.
In the fifth part of the article, we narrate the work of Rashbehari as he functioned as the unofficial ambassador at large of India in Japan. We focus on how he worked to organise the Indians in Japan for the coming struggle against the British. He also cultivated the high Japanese officials, both civilian & military and sowed the idea of a free India being in the interests of Japan. Ceaselessly, tirelessly, Rashbehari worked to strengthen Indian interests among the Japanese.
In the sixth part of the article, we examine the mindset of the Revolutionaries, and Rashbehari in particular as an example of the generic mindset. We examine how they braved terrible odds, huge disparity in resources & weapons, contempt & derision of their own countrymen, betrayers & spies, & few resources, even to keep themselves alive. However, the Revolutionary bond held, they helped each other desperately to stay alive & ahead of the British Raj & they competed with each other to fight the British. In contrast, the Congress even betrayed its own to curry favour with the British. https://www.myind.net/revolutionary-psyche-rash-behari-bose
In the seventh part of the series, we show free India has mistreated the legacy of Rashbehari. We show the misery suffered by his immediate family & contrast it with the way India has treated the kith and kin of Nehru & Gandhi. We also show how Japan showed him greater respect, while India has treated him shabbily. Only the current government seems to be making a few amends in the Indian treatment of Rashbehari’s legacy. http://indiafacts.org/free-india-wronged-legacy-rashbehari-bose/
In the eighth part of the series, we examine the similarity in mindset between the two Boses – Rashbehari & Subhas. We observe how they had similar ideas about what constituted freedom, & how India needed to be liberated from the British. We also contrast their ideas of freedom against the idea of freedom and methods of liberation advocated by Gandhi. https://www.pgurus.com/two-revolutionaries-rashbehari-and-subhas-a-meeting-of-minds/
In the ninth part of the article, we contrast the attitudes of Nehru and Gandhi on one side and Rashbehari and Subhas on the other, towards the war. We also examine how the two Boses were ready to do whatever it took to win freedom for India. Finally, we show how Subhas was ready to confront the strongmen of the Congress even during the war, if necessary. https://www.pgurus.com/gandhi-and-nehru-from-the-vantage-point-of-two-revolutionaries-rashbehari-and-subhas/
In the tenth part of the article, we show how the two Boses repeatedly deceived the British intelligence and effected grand escapes. We show how they were willing to take huge risks, & play hide-and-seek games (both mentally and physically) with the British intelligence to get what they wanted to achieve Indian freedom. https://www.pgurus.com/rashbehari-subhas-repeatedly-outsmarted-british/
In this article, we examine the common myths around Bose, using primary sources, including Bose’s own writings. We refute three important myths concerning Bose. The first myth we dispel is that Bose was a Communist. The second myth we expose is that Bose was an atheist. Finally, we refute the allegation that Bose indulged in rampant ethnic/religious discrimination, as part of his politics. The article was written as a correction of the rampant myths on internet regarding Bose.
In the second part of the article on the myths concerning Bose, we examine the reasons for the myths around Bose and expose the shoddy scholarship they are constructed on. Further, we examine the politicisation of history and the damage it has wrought, both online and off it, in terms of genuine scholarship.
In the third article, we have examined the Hindu Bengali support for Subhas Bose, who constituted the spearhead of the attack against the British in fight for freedom. We show that the Hindu Bengalis remained steadfast in their support to Bose in his quest for freedom. We show that his support came from the ranke and file of the Bengal Congress, from the Hindu Bengali intellectuals and his finances from the Bengali Hindu businessmen.
In the fourth article on the subject, we have examined the organic connection between the Bengali population and Subhas Bose. Bose deeply loved Bengal and was in turn, loved by the Bengalis. He embodied certain virtues that the Bengalis prized and as such, he was loved by them. Similarly, he loved Bengal for what it was and missed it terribly when he lived outside Bengal. Bengali suffering was always in his mind, and he always strained to do everything to alleviate the distress in Bengal. Finally, we have examined the claims made about Bose by certain authors purporting to investigate his disappearance and see if they hold water.
In the fifth of the articles on this subject, we create class identifiers for the resistors (Surjo Sen) and the colluders (Netra Sen) and examine how the Netra Sens have been continuing the tradition of intellectual collusion by continuing propaganda against the locals, on behalf of the invaders. One particular icon of the economic right wing elites, Nirad Chaudhuri, has been examined for his sexual innuendoes against and his objectification of the resisting Indian women fighting the British invaders, his rape fantasies involving Subhas Bose, one of the foremost leaders of the Indian resistance, and his continued colonial propaganda which embarrassed even the scholars of the Allied side, to the extent that they were compelled to criticise him. Further, we trace the continuing propaganda by the admirers of Nirad against the Hindu Bengalis, and observe that the tradition of Netra Sen remains solidly ensconced in the Indian economic right wing.