In this article we investigate the recently concluded Land Boundary Agreement between India and Bangladesh and examine its effects, including on the populations in the enclaves, fencing of the border, the territorial changes for India and the implications of the treaty from both the current and the historical perspective.  We show that the Indian side loses around 10,000 acres of land & leaves around 9,000 Hindus at the mercy of Bangladesh. We also show that the land boundary agreement does not in any way assist the fencing of the Indo-Bangla border.