Links to Articles on Mercantile Collusion with the Islamist Invaders – by Saswati Sarkar, Shanmukh, Dikgaj, Aparna and Kirtivardhan Dave

In the first article on the series on Indic mercantile collusion with the invaders, we investigate the social composition of the Indic (Hindu, Jain, Sikh and Parsi) mercantile groups that colluded with the invaders, the social characteristics of the merchant groups that made them attractive to the Islamist invaders, their contempt for the indigenous lower castes of India, their transnational trading connections that allowed them to profit, the symbiosis between the invaders and the merchants and the commoditization of all values, including those social and religious.

In the second article on the series on Indic mercantile collusion with the invaders, we focus on the historical collusion between the merchants and the Islamists, starting from the initial invasion in Sindh in the areas that proved detrimental to Indian nationhood, namely: a) funding campaigns of invaders against Indic kingdoms b) enabling the functioning of the Islamist states by funding rulers/nobility and managing their finances c) Enabling slavery of Indics and financing slave trade of Indics d) intelligence gathering for invaders and undermining the morale of resistance against them e) Negotiating with others on behalf of invaders. We also narrate the collusion of the Islamists and the Indic merchants in the time of the Delhi sultanate, the Mughals, the post Mughals and the Islamists in the British era. We also examine how the merchants covered up their collusions in terrible Islamist atrocities with overt religiosity.

In the third article on the series on Indic mercantile collusion with the Islamist invaders, we document how the Islamist rulers cruelly oppressed the peasantry, and contrast it with the concessions they offered the merchants. We document the bonhomie that existed between the highest merchants and the Islamist rulers and the degree of comfort that existed between them, across multiple regimes. We note the various measures that the Islamist regimes took against the farmers and artisans and ignored even threats to their lives during famines, but scrupulously respected the property and profits of the Indic traders, and catered to their trade needs zealously. We note how the powerful merchants exploited the vulnerable peasants and traders, taking advantage of the helplessness of the latter classes. We also note how the peasants and artisans preferred to live under Indic rulers, while the merchants often preferred to live under the Islamist regimes. Finally, we note the disparity in wealth between the commoners and the merchants/nobles in Islamist regimes.

In the fourth article of the mercantile series, we examine Indic mercantile collusion in trade of Indic slaves both within and outside India. We examine the institution of slavery under the Islamist rule and describe how Islamist regimes acquired Indic slaves. We point out that a strong element of religious persecution attended the Islamist slavery systems. We point out the quantum of trans-national Indic slave trade and how Indic merchants collaborated and participated in the trade of Indic slaves to various regions across the world. We also show how Indic merchants bankrolled the slave economies of Islamist regimes outside India.

In the fifth article on mercantile collusion with the Islamist invaders, we note how the big merchants had their interests cared for and how they were exempt from persecution that attended other communities, especially those that resisted the invaders. We also note how the underprivileged classes were forcibly converted or incentivized to convert to the faith of the invaders. We note how many temples built by influential merchants were spared the destruction that befell other temples.

In the sixth article, we begin examining the collusion of the Indic merchants in the various regions of the country, beginning with Gujarat. We examine their values, their organisation and structure and how the Indic merchants expanded rapidly, thanks to collusion with the Gujarat Sultanate. We discover that the merchants indulged in loansharking and tax farming, fleecing the peasants. In contrast to the traders, we examine how the Gujarati society cherished the memory of the outlaws, who robbed the state treasury, the traders and burned their debt notes and account books, freeing the peasants from the clutches of the usurious moneylenders. We examine the overlap between the mercantilism and religion and how the merchants also controlled religion and how they influenced the selection of religious authorities and the performance of religious rites. We also examine how the creditworthiness of the merchants was linked to their religious hold over and status in their communities. Further, we examine their collusion over the various regimes including the Gujarat sultanate, the Mughals and the various East India Companies. Finally, we examine the huge influence and power wielded by the Gujarati merchants over the various rulers (both Gujarat Sultanate and Mughals) and how they were able to influence policies in their favour. We also rule out extortion of the various merchants by examining the roles played by the merchants and the Mughals, and the power equations.

In the seventh article in the series, we focus specifically on the Mughal era. We evaluate how the merchants from the north and west of the country spread to Bihar and Bengal in the train of the Rajput collaborators who destroyed local Hindu resistance to the tottering Karrani sultans. The destruction of the local Hindu resistance made it easy for European pirates to abduct Bengali commoners. The export of local slaves to Afghan and Central Asian markets also has been examined. We also examine the trade routes preferred by the merchants and the influence they exerted on the Rajputs who colluded with the Mughals, and point out that Rajput collusion with Mughals may have been the effect of the influence of the merchants on the Rajputs. We then observe the deep collaboration between the powerful merchants and the Mughals and how the traders performed the duties of treasurers and moneylenders for the Mughals. We then examine how the usury and tax farming by the rich merchants led to repeated famines, slavery, forced conversions and misery for the common people of Bengal. Many temples of Bengal were also destroyed by the invaders, and these invasions were financed by the rich merchants. On the other hand, the merchants enjoyed a general prosperity under the Mughals. Finally, we make a case study of the collusions of the Jagat Seths with the Mughals and how they prospered and influenced the Mughals and the later Bengal Nawabs, to the extent that they could change rulers at will.

In the eighth article of the series, we examine the collusion of the merchants of the current Uttar Pradesh, focussing specifically on Rohilkhand and Awadh. We highlight the extent to which the Hindu farmers of the region were reduced and how the Muslims had been settled in areas which were depopulated due to Hindu revolts and their subsequent slaughter or sale into slavery. The merchants performed the same money lending and tax farming roles for their Muslim rulers and benefited hugely, both socially and economically, from the collusion. We examine how the power equations between the rulers and the merchants, the organisation and structure of the merchants. We note the despoiling of the peasantry to pay off the extortionate rates of interest charged by the powerful bankers, and how the Muslim rulers rewarded the big merchants. We examine the misery of the peasants under the Nawabs of Awadh and the rulers of Rohilkhand and the famines they suffered, and contrast it with the lavish lifestyle of the merchants, and the favours they enjoyed at the hands of the Muslim rulers.



Links to Articles on Tipu Sultan by Shanmukh, Saswati Sarkar and Dikgaj

In this article, we have chronicled a list of atrocities perpetrated by Tipu Sultan on just the people of Karnataka.  Drawing on British, French, Hindu and Muslim sources, we chronicle the Islamist zeal and barbarities of the sultan on the hapless people of old Mysore, Coorg, Canara and the northern districts.  We have separated Karnataka from the other lands to show that Tipu, despite having his capital in this region, did not spare the people any of the horrors of Jihad.

In the second part of the article, we have chronicled the list of atrocities perpetrated by Tipu Sultan on the people outside Karnataka.  Drawing on British, French, Hindu, and Muslim sources, we have chronicled what Tipu did in Malabar, Cochin, Travancore, and various parts of Tamizh Nadu.  The article is divided into two parts.

Links to Articles on Demographics of various regions – by Shanmukh, Saswati Sarkar, Dikgaj, Aparna and Vikram

In the first article of the series, we focus on the vulnerable areas of Western Uttar Pradesh and southern Uttarakhand.  We show that a region with a population of nearly 35 million people is at the imminent risk of becoming Muslim majority.  Many districts in the region are showing acute collapse of Hindus, faster than anywhere else for regions of comparable population size.

We predict the demographic fate of the region fifty years hence and show, using various commonly used statistical prediction tools that, the region is showing acute collapse of Hindu population due to various factors.

In the second article of the series, we show that West Bengal has a serious demographic problem on its hands, due to very low Hindu fertility and higher Muslim fertility, compounded by illegal Muslim immigration from Bangladesh.  While the state as a whole is unlikely to become Hindu minority, it has a large area (home to population of 18 million) that is going to become Hindu minority or close to it in the  next 50 years.  Further, we show that the border districts are showing increasing population change, unfavourable to Hindus, and this can constitute a serious problem.

In the third article of the series, we examine the religious demographics of Assam.  We show that owing to a combination of low HIndu fertility, higher Muslim fertility and illegal immigration from Bangladesh, the state is set to become Hindu minority in 40 years at maximum.  We show that five the 8 regions (and the most heavily populated 5) will be Musliim majority in 2061.  We show that unless urgent steps are taken to expel the illegal immigrants, the state is doomed as Hindus are beginning to flee from Muslim majority areas.

In the fourth article of the series, we take a look at the religious demographics of Kerala and southern Tamizh Nadu.  We show that owing to very low Hindu fertility that is below replacement levels Hindu population has already or will soon begin to shrink, while the Muslim population is rising rapidly due to high fertility rates.  Further, we show that, while the Christian population has fertility rates comparable to Hindus, the proselytisation being carried out by the Christians is can make a difference by poaching on Hindu numbers.  This, Hindu numbers are set to decline everywhere, both in percentage terms and in absolute numbers, while the Christian population will rise in some places & fall in others, while the Muslim population is set to rise everywhere.

In the fifth article of the series, we examine the demographics of Jammu & Kashmir.  In this article we examine the demographics of the different parts of Jammu & Kashmir.  We show both `Hindu Jammu’ and `Buddhist Ladakh’ are shrinking, while `Muslim Kashmir’ is expanding at the cost of both.  We show that the unique Ladakhi Tibetan civilisation, with its shrinking numbers, is beginning to actually collapse in numbers and that it may well vanish in the next few years, due to Muslim pressure & declining numbers.  We further show that the Hindus of Hill Jammu are beginning to fall in percentage terms and run the risk of being pushed south of the Chenab, as was proposed by both British & Pakistanis, which have been proposing this solution.

In the sixth article (published in 3 parts), we examine the demographics of selected regions in the Hindi belt.  We show that, using these demographic hotspots and other Muslim heavy regions, it is possible to connect the two Muslim homelands – Bangladesh and Pakistan – via a Mughalistan corridor, running across the Indian Union and Nepal to provide a safe corridor for transit of terrorists, goods & other items of interest.  We show that Delhi has been encircles and there are other strategic barrages that can cut off parts of the Indian homeland in an emergency.  We also show provide the tragic backgrounds of the Meos & the Koch-Rajbongshi Muslims & how they were lost by the Hindus.  Finally, provide statistical details to back up our assertions. p1.  p2.  p3.

In the seventh article of the series, we have examined the demographics of Pakistan occupied Jammu & Kashmir before and after 1947.  We show that the name `Pakistan occupied Kashmir’ is misleading as it is mostly Jammu and Gilgit-Baltistan that have been overrun by the Pakistanis.  We show that the thriving minority of Pakistan occupied Jammu & Kashmir has been completely exterminated by the Jihadis since 1947 and estimate the number of Hindus & Sikhs who were chased out of the region.  Some of their horror has been recounted, as they fled for their lives from Pakistan occupied Jammu and kashmir.

In the eighth article of the series, we have examined the demographics of tribal areas of central India – Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh & Odisha, in particular.  We show the rapid Christianisation of the region since 1991, when Liberalisation began, and take a look at the change in Indic numbers.  We also analyse the reasons for the rapid conversions in the region along with the history of conversions since 1800.  We have examined the dynamics between the Maoists, other Left Wing groups and the missionaries.  Finally, we show that the conversions have peaked whenever the missionaries have captured popular causes and show the disparity in conversions between Jharkhand and West Bengal, where there are almost no conversions at all.   In the first part, we have examined the numbers, and in the second part, the reasons for and history of the conversions.p1.  p2.

In the ninth article of the series, we present a tehsil (sub-district) level overview of the entire country, to examine the fall of the Indics in the various parts of the country. We present the fall of the Indics since 1872 and examine the consequences of the fall of the Indics between 1872 and 1941. We present full details of where the Indics have been wiped out, by having their population fall to less than 20%, where they constitute a minority (20-50%), and where they are on the borderline (50-60%) and examine what the corresponding populations were in 1951. We examine the consequences of the fall of the Indics and what it portends for the future.


Link to Article on the tragic Komagata Maru Episode – by Shanmukh, Saswati Sarkar and Dikgaj

In this article, we introduce the context in which the Komagata Maru episode occurred.  We trace the voyage of the Indian emigrants as they tried to enter Canada, but were blocked by various tortuous devices and finally,  expelled by plain force.  We then trace its return to Budge Budge in India (after being externed at various places) and the final tragic fate of the passengers.  Finally, we examine the effect of the Komagata Maru on the various Revolutionaries who raised the standard of revolt during the World War 1 and briefly summarise their attempts and fates.

Link to Article on Land Boundary Agreement – by Shanmukh, Dikgaj and Saswati Sarkar

In this article we investigate the recently concluded Land Boundary Agreement between India and Bangladesh and examine its effects, including on the populations in the enclaves, fencing of the border, the territorial changes for India and the implications of the treaty from both the current and the historical perspective.  We show that the Indian side loses around 10,000 acres of land & leaves around 9,000 Hindus at the mercy of Bangladesh. We also show that the land boundary agreement does not in any way assist the fencing of the Indo-Bangla border.

Link to Article on Chandrashekhar Azad by Saswati Sarkar, Shanmukh and Dikgaj

In this article, we focus on the martyrdom of the great revolutionary, Chandrashekhar Azad and the strange behaviour of Nehru concerning this death.  We show that Azad had met Nehru a few days before his death, and that Nehru has (falsely) damned Azad & his colleagues as fascists after his meeting.  We show Nehru’s antipathy to fascism and the extent to which he was willing to go to uproot.   We also show how Nehru had falsely disavowed all knowledge of Azad, despite his father funding the defence of Azad in the Kakori case and he himself being a member of Kakori defence committee.  We speculate on who might have betrayed Azad to the British, given the incongruities of Nehru’s behaviour and using material from intelligence officers who were involved in the case.

Link to articles on Rashbehari Bose by Saswati Sarkar, Shanmukh and Dikgaj

In the first part of the series of articles, we examine the role of Rashbehari Bose in the forgotten Hindu German conspiracy.  We reflect on the doomed valour and commitment of Rashbehari and his associates in the Hindu German conspiracy and the attempt to seed a revolt on the scale of the 1857 revolt in north India.  We expound on the forgotten heroes alongside Rashbehari and how they desperately resisted the British & how they were brutally treated, to the indifference of the then Congress.

In the second part of the series, we narrate the tale of Rashbehari Bose as he daringly escaped from the shores of India and managed to get into Japan.  From the shores of Japan, even with no knowledge of the Japanese language, he tried to further the cause of the Revolution by trying to send arms & ammunition to his Revolutionary colleagues in India.  When the plot was foiled & British hunted him in Japan, he went underground with the help of Japanese pan-Asianists and hid out with a Japanese family, that kindly gave him shelter.  He utilised this enforced confinement to familiarise himself with the Japanese language.

In the third part of the series, we narrate the saga of Rashbehari Bose as he found love in Japan with a traditional samurai lady, who understood his predicament & love him in despite of it.  He then naturalised in Japan & became a Japanese citizen, evading the British agents who were constantly on the hunt for him.  We narrate his saga as he lost his possessions in the great Kanto earthquake & struggled desperately for a living in Japan, with his new wife & child.  We narrate how India failed him at that point & only Rabindranath Tagore helped him any.  Then personal tragedy in the form of the death of his wife struck him.  Despite all these travails, he never faltered in his struggle for Indian independence.

In the fourth part of the article, we narrate the work of Rashbehari as he realised the importance of British propaganda against the Indians and India & worked to counter it from the shores of Japan.  In this article, we focus on his work in Japan, & his cultivating the highest figures in both the Japanese military & government to be sympathetic to the Indian cause.  We narrate how he worked on both positive & negative propaganda – talking up Indian strengths & virtues & pointing to British brutalities & discrimination.  He wrote several books in Japanese & translated, among other things, the Bhagavadgita into Japanese.  His works ranged from as far as Humour in India to translations of the Bhagavadgita & Rabindranath’s poetry.

In the fifth part of the article, we narrate the work of Rashbehari as he functioned as the unofficial ambassador at large of India in Japan.  We focus on how he worked to organise the Indians in Japan for the coming struggle against the British.  He also cultivated the high Japanese officials, both civilian & military and sowed the idea of a free India being in the interests of Japan. Ceaselessly, tirelessly, Rashbehari worked to strengthen Indian interests among the Japanese.

In the sixth part of the  article, we examine the mindset of the Revolutionaries, and Rashbehari in particular as an example of the generic mindset.  We examine how they braved terrible odds, huge disparity in resources & weapons, contempt & derision of their own countrymen, betrayers & spies, & few resources, even to keep themselves alive.  However, the Revolutionary bond held, they helped each other desperately to stay alive & ahead of the British Raj & they competed with each other to fight the British.  In contrast, the Congress even betrayed its own to curry favour with the British.

In the seventh part of the series, we show free India has mistreated the legacy of Rashbehari.  We show the misery suffered by his immediate family & contrast it with the way India has treated the kith and kin of Nehru & Gandhi.  We also show how Japan showed him greater respect, while India has treated him shabbily.  Only the current government seems to be making a few amends in the Indian treatment of Rashbehari’s legacy.

In the eighth part of the series, we examine the similarity in mindset between the two Boses – Rashbehari & Subhas.  We observe how they had similar ideas about what constituted freedom, & how India needed to be liberated from the British.  We also contrast their ideas of freedom against the idea of freedom and methods of liberation advocated by Gandhi.

In the ninth part of the article, we contrast the attitudes of Nehru and Gandhi on one side and Rashbehari and Subhas on the other, towards the war.  We also examine how the two Boses were ready to do whatever it took to win freedom for India.  Finally, we show how Subhas was ready to confront the strongmen of the Congress even during the war, if necessary.

In the tenth part of the article, we show how the two Boses repeatedly deceived the British intelligence and effected grand escapes.  We show how they were willing to take huge risks, & play hide-and-seek games (both mentally and physically) with the British intelligence to get what they wanted to achieve Indian freedom.

Links to articles on Subhas Chandra Bose by Saswati Sarkar, Shanmukh and Dikgaj

In this article, we examine the common myths around Bose, using primary sources, including Bose’s own writings.  We refute three important myths concerning Bose.  The first myth we dispel is that Bose was a Communist. The second myth we expose is that Bose was an atheist.  Finally, we refute the allegation that Bose indulged in rampant ethnic/religious discrimination, as part of his politics.  The article was written as a correction of the rampant myths on internet regarding Bose.


In the second part of the article on the myths concerning Bose, we examine the reasons for the myths around Bose and expose the shoddy scholarship they are constructed on. Further, we examine the politicisation of history and the damage it has wrought, both online and off it, in terms of genuine scholarship.

Link to An Open Letter to Begum Ayesha Sultana nee Sharmila Tagore by Saswati Sarkar, Shanmukh and Dikgaj

An open letter to Begum Ayesha Sultana, once known as Sharmila Tagore.  In the article, we question the veracity, timing and motivations of the actress in taking on the `rise of intolerance’ in India.  We point out the studied, stoic silence of the actress and others of the secular club in remaining silent when certain communities are at the receiving end of the intolerance.

Links to Articles on Durga Pooja by Shanmukh, Saswati Sarkar and Dikgaj

Ban on Durga Puja – An Assault on the Core of our Civilization:
Part I:
We show that it is Shakti Puja that has bound civilisational India  across times, locations and groups (tribals included). It is Shakti Puja that inspired defense against invaders. Indian women have a long tradition of taking up arms whenever civilization has been threatened. This is perhaps a direct fallout of the Indic worship of Shakti as the feminine.
Part II:
In contrast to Indic civilization,  a deep aversion to the worship of the divinity as feminine is rooted in Abrahamic traditions. There is also a long history of attacks on public worship by infidels.
Part II:
Part III:
Both Parts I and II together provide a civilizational context to  the recent attacks
on Durga Puja and hindu public worship. We chronicle such attacks in the last five years. The phenomenon is pandemic in the entire subcontinent. West Bengal no doubt is in the forefront. but the attacks are not limited to West bengal by any means.
Part III:
Part IV:
Part IV argues that the right of the Hindus to practise religion is being violated due to a unholy matrimony between fundamentalist religious minority groups and political parties of different hues. This is where we discuss in detail as to how Durga Puja has been banned in some villages of West Bengal with direct connivance from politicians, severe restrictions have been imposed by the administration on Durga Puja processions throughout India (not just West Bengal). Political parties either take stances actively opposed to Hindus, or do not reverse the same adopted by their predecessors.
This was however not the India that the genuine freedom fighters envisioned. The stances of Veer Savarkar and Shyamaprasad Mookerjee are well-known with respect to Hindu rights. We therefore dwell on the positions that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, who even the leftists and Islamists have not accused of religious bias, had adopted with respect to the rights of the Hindus to practice their public worships (a bit of that is in Part II too).
Finally, we dwell on the consequences of the decided anti-Hindu shift in our polity.
In Part IV, we have made the point that the anti-Hindu nature of our polity is a direct consequence, or  the cause, or perhaps both, of the anti-Hindu nature of our media. We have documented religious bias against Hindus in public discourse, focusing on media below:
Part IV: